Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital heart disease (CHD) are a number of different problems affecting the heart. It is the most common type of birth defect. Congenital heart disease causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects.
Congenital heart disease is often divided into two types: cyanotic (blue skin color caused by a lack of oxygen) and acyanotic. The following lists cover the most common congenital heart diseases -
Cyanotic heart defect
The condition of Acyanotic heart defect occurs when shunting (flowing) of blood occurs from the left side of the heart to the right side of the heart due to a structural defect (hole) in the interventricular septum. Patients retain normal levels of oxyhemoglobin saturation in systemic circulation.